Catechetical Exam I

Ver: Aug 28, 2005





What is meant by Theology?

a)       The Holy Trinity

b)       Who God is, in an of himself, apart from and prior to any created thing

c)       Positive knowledge of God

d)       Doctrine

e)       Both a and b.


What is apophasis and apophatic theology? _________________________________________________


What is the difference between theology and religious philosophy? _______________________________




What is the goal of theology?

a)       positive knowledge of God

b)       correct use of the Bible

c)       theosis


What is the source of unity and simplicity in the Holy Trinity?

E.g. In what is the Holy Trinity one?

a)       Persons

b)       energies

c)       essence

d)       energies and essence


In what is the Holy Trinity three?

a)       Persons

b)       energies

c)       essence


What distinguishes the persons of the Holy Trinity?

The Father is __________________________________________________

The Son is ____________________________________________________

The Spirit _____________________________________________________


From whom is the Son begotten?

a)       the Father alone

b)       the Father and the Spirit

c)       the Father and the Mother

d)       Wisdom


From whom does the Spirit proceed?

a)       the Father alone

b)       the Father and the Son

c)       Wisdom


Who is the monarchial source of essence or essential unity in the Holy Trinity?

E.g. Of whom is the essence?

a)       the Father

b)       the Son

c)       the Spirit

d)       The Father, the Son, and the Spirit equally


God is, in essence:

a)       definable, observable, and visible

b)       unknowable, indescribable, incomparable, and unapproachable

c)       attainable, reachable, and analogous to the world

d)       love


If God is unknowable in Essence, how do the Persons reveal themselves?

a)       by Grace (in the Economy)

b)       by emanation (of necessity)

c)       through the uncreated energies

d)       in the Incarnation

e)       All of the above, except b.


To what does Grace refer?

a)       the goodness of God

b)       Godís love

c)       the uncreated energies (energia) of God

d)       Godís mercy


Why are icons of the Holy Trinity, Icons of the Father, and Icons of the Holy Spirit not permitted, except as icons of the Visitation to Abraham and of the Theophany?







The Economy




What is meant by the Economy (Oikonomia)?

a)       Creation and all of Godís involvement with what is not God

b)       The Incarnation

c)       One of several dispensations of time in which the rules of God have been changed

d)       Both a and b.



The Holy Incarnation


God became man by nature, that we may become God by _____________?


Who killed Our Lord? _____________________________.


What is the Incarnation? _________________________________________________






Christ in His Incarnation recapitulated (summed up) in his flesh and blood all universals proper to _________ and all universals proper to _________.


Our Lord, in his Incarnation, is (how many) ________ person(s) with ________ will(s) of _________ nature(s).


According to the Creed of the apostles, Our Lord is Incarnate of the _________________ and of______________________.



The Holy Theotokos



Theotokos means literally _____________________.


The Holy Theotokos is:

a)       mother of God

b)       mother of Christís humanity only

c)       mother of Christís flesh only

d)       merely a tube through which God entered the world


The Holy Theotokos is:

a)       the wife of St. Joseph

b)       the mother of multiple children in the flesh

c)       the betrothed of St. Joseph

d)       Ever-Virgin

e)       Mother of us all

f)        c, d, and e above


The Holy Theotokos is (check all that apply):

c      The Ark of the New Covenant, Ark of Our Salvation

c      The New Eve

c      The Bush that is Burned but Not Consumed

c      The Portal once opened forever shut

c      Our Champion Leader

c      Ladder of Divine Ascent

c      Panagia (ďAll HolyĒ)


Soteriology, Theosis



What is salvation, and how is one saved? __________________________________________


What is theosis or deification or divinization?

a)       man becomes like god (god-like)

b)       man is perfectly united to god, without loss of distinction as a person

c)       by union with god, manís nature is divinized so that man becomes god

d)       all of the above


How is the soul immortal?

a)       by nature

b)       by grace


What would be the results if Our Lord were either not fully human or not fully God, i.e. if He was not flesh, had either no human nature, or no divine one, had either no human will or no divine one?








According to the Fathers, Man consists of:

a)       mind, will, and emotion

b)       body and soul, united by spirit as person, operation, nature

c)       mind, body, and spirit united in the soul


Person is:

a)       that which is utterly unique in each individual

b)       that which is shared with all members of the species

c)       the character of an individual person

d)       the character of the human species

e)       the operations appropriate to human nature


Operations are:

a)       the proper functions of manís nature

b)       the proper functions of manís person

c)       the proper functions of manís nature enhypostacized in a unique person


Nature is:

a)       that which is utterly unique in each individual

b)       that which is shared with all members of the species

c)       the character of an individual person

d)       the character of the human species

e)       the operations appropriate to human nature


Man is:

a)       a spirit living in a body

b)       a soul living in a body

c)       a spirit, soul, and body

d)       a soul and a body, united by spirit


Spirit is:

a)       the residue of the dead

b)       the part of the person that can go to Heaven

c)       the integration of soul and body

d)       the grace of God in the person

e)       the apparition of the soul

f)        the eternal part of man

g)       c & d


What is the inheritance from Adam and curse of the world?

a)       sin

b)       a sin nature

c)       death

d)       the physical flesh


Why will all who die or fall asleep in Our Lord be resurrected in precisely the same bodies in which they lived?






While there are many Mysteries, the Holy Mysteries are often numbered seven. These are:


________________________†† ________________________†† ________________________††


________________________†† ________________________†† ________________________††


________________________ ††


Why must the Holy Mysteries be material and not only spiritual? _________________________________




How is one normally received into the Orthodox Church (What is the proper order of the mysteries)?





We worship the Holy Gifts because _________________________________________________________


What is a symbol in Orthodox thinking? _____________________________________________________


Match the following:


a)       symbol/icon of the Faith†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The Household

b)       icon of the Word††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The Creed

c)       icon of Christ and the Church††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The Holy Scriptures

d)       icon of the Church (ďThe Little ChurchĒ)††††††††††††††††††††††† Marriage






What is the consensus patrum? _____________________________________________


What is meant by the Orthodox phronema? ____________________________________


For most of the year, we sing The _______________ Liturgy of _________________________________.


The Bishop is:

a)       source of unity of the local church

b)       an unscriptural innovation

c)       an elected ruler determined by democratic means

d)       an appointed ruler determined by a higher religious ruler


Worship of saints, relics, and icons is:

a)       adoration

b)       veneration

c)       improper and unscriptural


We pray to the Saints because_____________________________________________________________



Why are Saints mentioned in the Old Testament considered Orthodox Saints? _______________________




Why is it there can be no development of doctrine? ____________________________________





The Calendar


We live the calendar in conjunction with the Church, because it is an icon of ____________________________________________ and of all the Saints.



Of the many feasts and fasts:

The Holy Annunciation is_____________________________________________________________.

The Holy Nativity is _________________________. Itís significance is _________________________.

The Holy Theophany is _______________________. Itís signifance is __________________________.

Holy Pascha is _______________________________________________________________________.

The Triumph of Orthodoxy _____________________________________________________________.


Why does Holy Pascha occur after the Passover, rather than coinciding with it? ___________________




We fast and pray, in part, to overcome the death at work in our nature, which manifests itself in _________________________________, such as harshness, trickery, malice, perversity, mindlessness, licentiousness, enticement, dullness, lack of understanding, idleness, sluggishness, stupidity, flattery, silliness.


Why does Orthodoxy have special clothes, smells, tastes, architecture, postures, gestures, sounds, candles, water, icons, prescribed prayers, days and seasons, etc.? Be as comprehensive in your answer as you can:










Salvation and holy acts are:

a)       works of manís will which God blesses

b)       works of God alone, which man can achieve only through getting out of the way

c)       joint works of man and God in synergy


In the Holy Mysteries:

a)       apparent changes in matter merely represent something else Ė no actual change occurs

b)       only the appearance of matter is retained, the matter being replaced by what it represents

c)       there is both the created matter and the presence of what the matter represents



a)       are merely Ďsymbolicí acts, but nothing out of the ordinary affects the matter involved

b)       are the violation of material laws, so that the matter is replaced by something else entirely

c)       involve the existing matter and a change to it, rather than a destruction to or loss of it


The Holy Icons:

a)       are merely honored paintings of Saints, but the Saint is not mystically present

b)       are both representations of Saints and the presence of the Saint

c)       are all icons of Christ (e.g. Christ in the Saint)

d)       both b and c



The Holy Scriptures


The Holy Scriptures are:

a)       the Word of God, in the sense of being inherently divine

b)       the Words of God, in the sense of coming directly from God w/o human agency

c)       the Word of God as the Icon of the Word


Why are the Holy Scriptures kept in varous places in the Church, and not merely read as a single holy book?




What is the canonical text of the Orthodox Old Testament? _________________________________


What is the canonical text of the Orthodox New Testament? _________________________________


We venerate the Holy Gospels because_________________________________________________






What does it mean for the Church to be Apostolic?

a)       It preserves the canon of books of the Scriptures transmitted by the Holy Apostles

b)       It preserves the texts of the Scriptures transmitted by the Holy Apostles

c)       It preserves the interpretation of the Scriptures transmitted by the Holy Apostles

d)       It preserves the apostolic Creed, the confession of faith of the Holy Apostles

e)       It continues in the Apostlesí teaching

f)        It retains Apostolic Succession of Bishops

g)       All of the above


What does it mean for the Church to be Catholic?

a)       it is universal, in the sense that everyone submits to one supreme hierarch or see

b)       it is universal, in the sense that there it represents the consensus beliefs of its universal members at any given time

c)       it is universal, in the sense that it holds to what has been held in every place, at all times, by all

d)       it is universal, in the sense that it is not dependent on any particular culture or ethnicity

e)       c and d


Orthodoxy is the Church of the _________ Ecumenical Councils.


Are these councils infallible? _______________


According to the Holy Apostles, there is ____ God(s), ____ Faith(s), and ____ Baptism(s).


Why is there but one Church? _____________________________________________________




Why is communion with other religious groups forbidden? ______________________________




How is the Church infallible? _____________________________________________________





How is the Church spotless and without blemish? _____________________________________




What is hierarchy in Orthodox thinking? ____________________________________________________







The ________________ heresy represents the sum of heresies that led to the situation commonly called the ďGreat SchismĒ.


Heresies that would reinforce the ďGreat SchismĒ include:

a)       Papal Supremacy

b)       Development of Doctrine

c)       Transubstantiation

d)       All of the above


Protestant innovations as the dialectical counterpart Papal Supremacy, Development of Doctrine, and Transubstantiation, include:

a)       The Branch Theory

b)       Sola Scriptura

c)       Anti-sacramentalism

d)       All of the above



Christological Heresies



The word ďphysisĒ means nature. What is the Christological heresy of Monophysitism?

The Monophysite asserts that ______________________________________________________________.


What is the Christological heresy of Monotheletism? The Monothelete asserts that ________________________________________________________________.


The Nestorian asserts that Our Lord, in His Incarnation is ______________ person(s) and that therefore, it is improper to refer to Mary as ___________________.


Arius asserts that Our Lord is a divine being that at some point did not exist but was ____________ by the Father. The Arians believe, therefore, that the Son is _______________ to the Father.


The Neoplatonist asserts that matter _____________________________________________ and that the universal principle is ________________________.